Adhia & Associates

Forensic Psychiatrists



Adult, Child & Adolescent

Informing Juries

Adhia & Associates

Consultant and Expert Witness Forensic Psychiatrists

Adhia & Associates began as the private practice of Sanjay Adhia, M.D., a Forensic and Clinical Psychiatrist and Brain Injury Medicine (BIM) specialist in Houston.

As Dr. Adhia’s forensic cases grew, testimony expanded geographically, and demand for unique subspecialists increased, it was time to bring even more to the table.

Dr. Mendes, an Adult, Child & Adolescent Forensic Psychiatrist, expands our scope of expertise and variety of services.

Access breadth and depth from forensic psychiatrists who are consultants and disclosed expert witnesses.

Sanjay Adhia MD Psychiatrist Expert Witness

Sanjay Adhia, M.D., Principal

Credentials and Experience

Dr. Adhia is among fewer than 2 dozen Psychiatrists nationally who are triple Board-Certified in Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry and Brain Injury Medicine by the ABPN.  He has been in private forensic practice since 2015.

Clinical Practice

Dr. Adhia treats patients at nationally recognized TIRR Hermann Hospital, focusing on psychiatry and those with injuries or diseases of the brain, dementia, Alzheimer’s, stroke, traumatic brain injury TBI, concussion (mTBI), and spinal cord injuries.

Faculty and Honors

Dr. Adhia serves on the faculty of the University of Texas Medical Branch in Psychiatry.

Since 2018, Dr. Adhia has been honored to serve on the Governor’s Advisory Committee to the Texas Board of Criminal Justice on Offenders with Medical or Mental Impairments.


Dr. Adhia is experienced in the forensic assessment necessary for a robust report of his findings. He routinely testifies in depositions and at trials. He is available for cases nationally.

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Dr. Kerry Mendes Forensic and Adolescent Psychiatrist

Kerry Mendes, M.D., Associate

Credentials and Experience

Kerry Mendes, M.D., is a Board-Certified Forensic Psychiatrist and Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist by the ABPN. He has been a practicing physician since 2018.

Clinical and Forensic Practice

Dr. Mendes has a busy clinical practice at Houston clinic Avenue 360 treating adults, children and adolescents. He is in forensic practice with Dr. Adhia performing assessments, records review, IMEs, written reports of his forensic findings, and testimony.


Dr. Mendes completed a Forensic Psychiatry Fellowship at the University of California Davis and a Fellowship in Child & Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of California Irvine.

In 2021, Dr. Mendes relocated from California to Houston.

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The jury must hear findings from a credible, objective expert.

Complex medical and psychiatric damages demand it.

Our Services

Topics for Lawyers

Emotional Distress Damages

Emotionally traumatic experiences are absorbed differently. Some people “shake it off” and are resilient. Others can respond to trauma with depression, anxiety or even PTSD.


Brain Injuries and Dementia

What are the symptoms and prognosis for someone with a brain injury or Dementia?

Discussion of cognitive impairment that can interfer with a person’s ability to exercise sound judgment and make decisions.

Medical Malpractice

If a person develops a health problem after treatment, a medical expert in that field of medicine is the suitable Expert Witness.

Dr. Adhia discusses medical malpractice or negligence, and allegations of breach of the standard of psychiatric care.

Competency and Capacity

The legal concept of being “competent” varies depending on context.

  • Testamentary Capacity
  • Contractual Competency
  • Competency to Stand Trial

*A unique posthumous forensic psychiatric assessment is necessary in testamentary capacity & will contests.

Drug or Alcohol Factors

Addiction or use of drugs, willing or unwilling, can factor in any setting where competency is questioned. We see this in DUI cases, Probate, and Criminal cases.


Mood Disorder vs. Personality Disorder

Mood disorders include depression and bipolar disorder. They can reflect a response to a triggering event, but not always.

A personality disorder, on the other hand, reflects a pattern of behavior and features that drive behavior. These are diagnosed by a physician or psychologist.

Both are relevant in a legal matter.


This article addresses psychiatric culpability in the commission of a crime, competency to stand trial, and restoration, discussed by an Expert Witness in criminal and corrections cases.

Dr. Adhia draws on forensic experience and background working with high-risk inmates including those on death row, capital cases and SuperMax prisons.

Fitness for Duty & Occupational Health

Emotional health and job performance assessment are discussed from a Forensic Psychiatrist’s perspective and experience.

Occupational mental health considerations are especially important in safety-sensitive jobs, e.g. carrying a firearm or piloting aircraft. Dr. Adhia discusses the role of a Fitness for Duty evaluation. 


Have questions? Want to discuss a case?

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On This Site


How dementia, Alzheimer’s and brain disorders can impact thought processes and the medical-legal implications.

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

Multiple Plaintiff Cases, Mass Tort, Toxic Tort

Multiple plaintiffs may bring a suit involving a single causal event, such as a chemical spill or exposure to a carcinogenic substance. Dr. Adhia discusses two recent cases: a toxic tort, and a serial sexual assault case.

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

What Is an IME?

A medical-legal Independent Medical Examination (IME) is a structured interview guided by an unbiased evaluator with specialized training. The examinee is usually a plaintiff or defendant.

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

Brain Injuries Explained by a BIM Expert

Dr. Adhia, Board-Certified in Brain Injury Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry, discusses the nature of TBI, concussion and other mTBI injuries and their medicolegal relevance. 

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

Consulting Expert: An Attorney’s Secret Weapon

Should you take a case? What might the damages look like? What’s your client’s exposure? A non-disclosed expert witness and forensic psychiatrist can share insight from the outset.

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

Can a Brain Injury Impact Criminal Behavior?

A crime is committed and a brain injury or disease is suspected: medical-legal considerations and mens rea.

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

Date Rape Drugs: Psychiatry, Pharmacology and Law

Drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) is the use of drugs and/or alcohol by a sexual predator to render a victim incapacitated and unable to fight back against a sexual assault. Learn more about the psychopharmacology of these dangerous substances.

By Sanjay Adhia, MD

KGOU Interview: Uvalde, Texas Elementary School Shooting

Dr. Adhia is a Houston Forensic Psychiatrist who has worked in capital homicide cases. He discusses alarming and alerting “planning behavior” by a mass shooter.

KHOU Houston interviews Dr. Adhia hours after the Uvalde, Texas, Robb Elementary School tragedy. May 25, 2022.

Jurisdictions, Venues


Civil Litigation

Arturo Corsa, Esq.

Dr. Adhia was an excellent witness for our defense. A qualified expert, he traveled to Georgia from Texas on short notice and provided critical testimony regarding date rape drug effects and surreptitious methods of delivery in an involuntary intoxication case in Superior Court. The prosecution couldn’t touch him; but they will probably need him in the future.

Arturo Corsa, Esq.
Corsa Law Center

Lee Burkstein, JD

Dr. Adhia served as an expert witness in a difficult and complex Medical Board case. Dr. Adhia was quick on the draw, conscientious, and most importantly, authoritative and reliable.

Lee Burkstein, JD
Burkstein Legal Services

Jesse S. White, Esq.

My client's will contest case involved a multi-million dollar estate. Dr. Adhia was retained as an expert forensic psychiatrist. His work was exemplary, and I would recommend him without hesitation to anyone seeking a highly qualified psychiatric expert.

Jesse S. White, Esq.
Law Offices of Jesse S. White

Shiva Gill, Esq.

Dr. Adhia worked with me on two cases involving immigration clients with mental incapacity… the court gave significant weight to his evaluation. I look forward to working with Dr. Adhia again.

Shiva Gill, Esq.
Ms. Gill has had the honor of arguing before the Texas Supreme Court

Jim James, Esq.

Even the prosecutor was impressed with the report. It was so thorough in fact that we reached an agreement that prevented the need for a trial.

Jim James, Esq.
James & Reynolds, Attorneys at Law